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La frontière franco-belge (30/11/2012)

La frontière franco-belge. Une rencontre entre historiens de l’Ancien Régime et de l’histoire contemporaine, 30 November 2012, Courtrai.

Website: www.kuleuven-kulak.be/frontiere

In April 2012, historians from the Netherlands, Belgium and France gathered at the Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis to discuss identity formation in the late medieval and early modern Low Countries. Participants soon discovered their shared passion for the study of borderlands in the past. This workshop therefore aimed to provide a follow-up meeting of the Valenciennes conference, while enlarging its chronological scope. The day was  hosted by a research centre which pursues similar research interests for the modern period, that is the Centre for the History of Intercultural Relations based at KU Leuven/KULAK in Kortrijk. This centre explicitly aims to put the study of cross-border relations in a historical perspective. Embedded in several transregional partnerships and situated in a frontier position at the meeting point of Flanders, Wallonia and the North of France, the research centre largely deals with the historical study of intercultural relations in border regions. As such, the workshop offered a forum for discussion and networking across borders and across specialisms. The texts discussed will appear in the volume of the book series of the Revue du Nord.

Program:

10h30: Introduction

Yves Junot (Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis), Florian Mariage (Université Lille 3, UC Louvain, Archives de l’Etat à Tournai), Violet Soen (KU Leuven)

10h40: Presentation of Eurométropole

Griet Noë , Project Manager European Strategy, Agence de l’Eurométropole

Virginie Coucke, Policy Advisor, KULAK Presentation of project Université Métropolitaine

11h: Academic Presentations

Bram de Ridder (KU Leuven, Research Foundation Flanders): Border studies past and present. Theoretical and historiographical approaches to the boundaries in and between the Low Countries, 1580-1660

Tom Verschaffel & Saartje Vanden Borre (KU Leuven – KULAK/CHIR): The cultural history of migration: Belgians in Le Nord in the 19th century

12h: Discussion (plenary)

12h30: Salutatory address by Piet Desmet, Head of the Subfaculty of Arts

14h30: Discussion on the following papers

Hans Cools & Violet Soen (KU Leuven): Des familles transrégionales: les maisons de Croÿ et Luxembourg (1470-1520)

Olivia Carpi (Université dé Picardie – Amiens): L’identité civique à l’épreuve de la guerre civile: le cas des villes de Picardie (ca. 1560-ca. 1640)

Marie Kervyn (Université libre de Bruxelles) & Yves Junot (Université de Valenciennes): Identités de frontières: la question des appartenances au long de la frontière sud des Pays-Bas méridionaux (XVIe-XVIIe siècles)

Alexandra Petrowski (Université Lille 3): Frontière, identités et mobilités dans les Flandres de la fin de l’Ancien Régime

17h30: Presentations of two recent publications by Academia Press (Gent) & CHIR

Saartje Vanden Borre, Vreemden op vertrouwd terrein. Het sociaal-culturele leven en de integratie van Belgische migranten in Noord Frankrijk (1850-1914)

Elien Declercq, Migrants belges en France. Une histoire revisitée à travers la chanson populaire (1870-1914)

 

triptiek van de Spaans-Brugse familie van Juan Lopez Gallo en Catherina Pardo

Hispano-Flemish Elites

Hispano-Flemish Elites in the Habsburg Netherlands. Transregional marriages and mixed identities, 1659-1708

PhD-student: Sophie Verreyken

Promotor: W. Thomas
Co-Promotor: V. Soen

Firm ties between local elites were crucial to the functioning of early modern composite states. During the second half of the seventeenth century, however, existing ties to the ruling Spanish-Habsburg dynasty faced pressure in the Southern Netherlands due to international war. Rather surprisingly and often forgotten, Hispano-Flemish elites persisted; moreover, similar elites emerged through new mixed marriages. So far, research has not solved the conundrum why this could happen under these difficult circumstances of continued tense relationships between Spain and the Southern Netherlands. In addition, these new elites supported Habsburg rule while anchoring themselves in local power structures. This gave rise to mixed identities, which were at odds with the proto-national ‘Belgian’ identity suggested by recent scholarship. Drawing on archival sources, printed and iconographical sources in Spain and Belgium, this project will closely investigate both mechanisms of network and identity formation. By doing so, it aims to contribute to current debates on the construction of transregional elites and identities and on the position of the Southern Netherlands within the Spanish-Habsburg empire, and that for a time span generally neglected by research. Alongside a PhD-dissertation, this research project should also result in peer-reviewed journal articles, presentations on international research forums and public lectures for local audiences.

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Strategies of Border Management

Strategies of border management: the evolution of the boundaries between the Habsburg Netherlands and the Dutch Republic, ca. 1580-1660

PhD-student: Bram De Ridder

Promotor: V. Soen

This research project focuses on the broad period known as the Eighty Years’ War, during which the Habsburg Netherlands and the United Provinces were formed as independent states. This process also entailed that the borders between the two states needed to transform from a military front to a boundary agreed upon by both parties. This was gradually arranged with the Twelve Years’ Truce and the final peace treaty in 1648, but given the hostile relations during the war both states still needed to determine their approach to the new border. This was all the more necessary given that these states had grown out of the loosely connected Habsburg domain known as the Seventeen Provinces, resulting in claims from both sides on the territories of the enemy. This complex situation resulted in the formulation of ‘border management’ strategies, which could include the building of fortifications or the sending of religious missions across the border. However, in order to have an idea of the impact these actions had, this research will also look into the response of the local communities near the new delineation. For example, it is important to know how much contact there still could be between cities on opposite sides of the freshly determined border, and how this influenced their relation to the central authorities. By doing this, we will get a clearer view on how these young states functioned, and how the relations between them evolved.

Publications related to this project:

B. De Ridder, ‘Early Modern Peace and International Society: Using Disciplinary Hybridity to Question the Pax Hispanica (1598-1618)’, in: The International History Review, published online (2016). Link to article

B. De Ridder,‘Benchmarking the Past: Politico-Legal Connotations of Tradition, Custom and Common Practice in the Diplomacy of the Eighty Years War’, in: Dutch Crossing: Journal of Low Countries Studies, published online (2016). Link to article

B. De Ridder, ‘Sustaining the Munster Peace: The Chambre Mi-Partie as an Experiment in Transnational Border Arbitration (1648-1675)’, in: Journal of Modern European History, 14.1 (2016), 35-53. Link to article

B. De Ridder, ‘Rusland, de Krim en het hernieuwde belang van territoriale claims’, in: Internationale Spectator: Tijdschrift voor Internationale Politiek, 68:10 (2014), 37-41.

B. De Ridder and T. Vermeersch, ‘Grensstudies in de Zwinstreek. De studie en ontsluiting van een historisch grensland’, in: Tijd-Schrift. Heemkunde en lokaal-erfgoedpraktijk in Vlaanderen, 4.1 (2014), 60-74.

B. De Ridder, ‘Frans-Vlaanderen als grensland tussen het koninkrijk Frankrijk en het graafschap Vlaanderen’, Romaneske, 38 (2013), 2-9.

 

 

Chièvres

Borderland Nobility

Borderland nobility: between France and the Netherlands (1470-1660)

Researcher: Violet Soen

This research project will contribute to two ongoing debates in Early Modern history by analysing the nobility at the border between France and the Netherlands from 1470 until 1660. The first debate concerns the role of the nobility in early modern state formation; the second one hinges on the effectiveness of monarchic patronage in influencing the strategies of noble lineages. The peculiarity of nobility in the ‘Franco-Netherlandish’ borderlands, with widespread possessions and therefore relations with various sovereigns, solves the one-sided approach of most research addressing only one early modern state. The working hypothesis presumes that longer than supposed the nobility had a fair amount of autonomy towards his prince(s) and developed a strategy which not always corresponded to state borders. This hypothesis will be tested through four periods of unrest, sparked by rebellion or bilateral conflict: (1) the Franco-Burgundian rivalry between 1470 and 1492, (2) the Franco-Habsburg Wars (1521-1559), (3) the Civil and Religious Wars in France and the Netherlands (1559-1598) and (4) the Frondes (Spanish Habsburg Netherlands 1632 and France 1649-1653). The project hinges on multidisciplinary border studies and transnational history, as it addresses the multilayered identity formation of an aristocracy operating in a transnational space.

Publications related to this project:

V. Soen, ‘The Chièvres Legacy, the Croÿ Family and Litigation in Paris. Dynastic Identities between the Low Countries and France (1519-1559)’, in: L. Geevers and M. Marini (eds.), Dynastic Identity in Early Modern Europe: Rulers, Aristocrats and the Formation of Identities (Politics and Culture in Europe, 1650-1750), Ashgate, Farnham, 2015, 87-102. Link to article

V. Soen and H. Cools, ‘L’aristocratie transrégionale et les frontières. Les processus d’identification politique dans les maisons de Luxembourg-Saint-Pol et de Croÿ (1470-1530)’, in: V. Soen, Y. Junot en F. Mariage (eds.), L’identité au pluriel. Jeux et enjeux des appartenances autour des anciens Pays-Bas, XIVe-XVIIIe siècles / Identity and Identities. Belonging at stake in and around the Low Countries, 14th-18th centuries (Revue du Nord, Hors série, Collection Histoire 30), Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2014, 209-228.

V. Soen, ‘La Causa Croÿ et les limites du mythe bourguignon: la frontière, le lignage et la mémoire (1465-1475)’ in: J.-M. Cauchies and P. Peporte (eds.), Mémoires conflictuelles et mythes concurrents dans les pays bourguignons (ca. 1380-1580) (Publications du Centre d’études bourguignonnes XIVe-XVIe s. 52), Neuchâtel, 2012, 81-97.

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The making of transregional Catholicism

The making of transregional Catholicism. Print Culture in the ecclesiastical province of Cambrai (1559-1659)

PhD-student: Alexander Soetaert

Promotor: V. Soen
Co-Promotor: J. Verberckmoes

In the late sixteenth and the early seventeenth century Catholic refugees from the British Isles, Ireland, France and the Dutch Republic found refuge in de archdiocese of Cambrai, on the southern border of the Habsburg Low Countries. This created a remarkable climate in which refugees along with locals battled for the Catholic religion. It is widely acknowledged that under similar conditions of exile, protestant refugees swiftly used the printing press in order to spur a transregional identity among coreligionists. This PhD-project, within a wider project funded by the Research Council KU Leuven, contends that printing was vital to any early modern confession and, therefore, will analyse how in Cambrai print culture functioned as a crucial variable in ‘the making of’ a transregional religion. The research focusses on two interrelated aspects. First, the study of the socially and regionally diverse members of the printing business will explain how immigrants and locals interacted to forge Catholicism. Second, by means of the study of a selection of martyr narratives, it should become clear which readerships these books aimed and if different exile communities also preferred other martyrs.

Publications related to this project:

A. Soetaert, ‘Printing at the frontier. The emergence of a transregional book production in the Ecclesiastical Province of Cambrai (ca. 1560-1659)’, in: De Gulden Passer: Journal for book history, 94 (2016), 137-163.

V. Soen, ‘Exile encounters and cross-border mobility in early modern borderlands: the Ecclesiastical Province of Cambrai as a transregional node (1559-1600)’, in: Belgeo : Revue Belge de Geographie / Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Geografie / Belgische Zeitschrift für Geographie = Belgian Journal of Geography, 2015, 2 (2016), 2-13. Link to article

V. Soen, ‘Exile encounters and cross-border mobility in early modern borderlands: the Ecclesiastical Province of Cambrai as a transregional node (1559-1600)’, in: Belgeo : Revue Belge de Geographie / Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Geografie / Belgische Zeitschrift für Geographie = Belgian Journal of Geography, 2015, 2 (2016), 2-13.

A. Soetaert, V. Soen, and J. Verberckmoes, ‘Verborgen meertaligheid. De katholieke drukpers in de kerkprovincie Kamerijk (1560-1600)’, in: Queeste: tijdschrift voor middeleeuwse letterkunde in de Nederlanden, 22:1 (2015), 62-81.

A. Soetaert, ‘Translating and distributing Italian religious literature in the ecclesiastical province of Cambrai (1563-1659)’, in: Incontri: Rivista Europea di Studi Italiani, 22:2 (2015), 29-40.

Valenciennes

L’identité au pluriel (19-21/04/2012)

L’identité au pluriel. Jeux en enjeux des appartenances aux anciens Pays-Bas (14-16e siècle), 19-21 April 2012.

Website: http://irhis.hypotheses.org/4402

In April 2012, historians from the Netherlands, Belgium and France gathered at the Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis to discuss identity formation in the late medieval and early modern Low Countries. As part of the set-up of this colloquium, on of the four sessions was devoted to the study of the borderland between France and the Netherlands.

Program Second session: Identités et altérités autour de la frontière France-Pays-Bas

Présidence : Marie-Laure Legay (Université Charles-de-Gaulle – Lille 3 – IRHiS)

14h00: Passer des frontières. Les cas des familles de Croÿ et Luxembourg (1470-1520) – Hans Cools & Violet Soen(KU Leuven)

14h30: Devenir et (re)devenir sujet. La construction politique de la loyauté au roi catholique en France et aux Pays-Bas à la fin du XVIe siècle – José Javier Ruiz Ibañez (Universidad de Murcia)

14h55: L’identité civique à l’épreuve de la guerre civile : le cas des villes de Picardie (ca 1560-ca 1640) – Olivia Carpi(Université de Picardie – Amiens)

15h50: Identités de frontières : la question des appartenances au long de la frontière sud des Pays-Bas méridionaux (XVIe-XVIIe siècles) – Marie Kervyn (Université libre de Bruxelles) & Yves Junot (UVHC)

16h15: Frontière, identités et mobilités dans les Flandres de la fin de l’Ancien régime – Alexandra Petrowski(Université Charles-de-Gaulle – Lille 3 – IRHiS)

16h40 Discussions

Bram

Dr. Bram De Ridder

Bram De Ridder (°1989) is a postdoctoral researcher who studied in Leuven and Cambridge. In his current project he studies the legal and political aspects of territorial neutrality during early modern civil wars, questioning how such neutrality was created, enforced and perceived in times of dynastic and religious upheaval. He recently defended his Ph.D. titled ‘Lawful Limits. Border Management and the Formation of the Habsburg-Dutch Boundary, ca. 1590-1665’, wherein he investigated the emergence of the border between the Habsburg Netherlands and the Dutch Republic during and after the Eighty Years War. More particularly, his research focused on the different political and legal strategies by which different early modern actors shaped the territorial separations that divided them. In earlier projects he focused on the Act of Cession and the initiatives for peace at the beginning of the Archducal regime in the Habsburgs Netherlands (1598-1600), and on the connections between the Pax Hispanica (1598-1609) and the notion of International Society. Besides these topics he is generally interested in all forms of Early Modern (international) organization, diplomacy, and legal history.

Bram De Ridder will be working as a visiting scholar at Harvard University between 15 January and 15 July 2017

Recent publications:

B. De Ridder, ‘Early Modern Peace and International Society: Using Disciplinary Hybridity to Question the Pax Hispanica (1598-1618)’, in: The International History Review, published online (2016). Link to article

B. De Ridder,‘Benchmarking the Past: Politico-Legal Connotations of Tradition, Custom and Common Practice in the Diplomacy of the Eighty Years War’, in: Dutch Crossing: Journal of Low Countries Studies, published online (2016). Link to article

B. De Ridder, ‘Sustaining the Munster Peace: The Chambre Mi-Partie as an Experiment in Transnational Border Arbitration (1648-1675)’, in: Journal of Modern European History, 14.1 (2016), 35-53. Link to article.

B. De Ridder, ‘Rusland, de Krim en het hernieuwde belang van territoriale claims’, in: Internationale Spectator: Tijdschrift voor Internationale Politiek, 68:10 (2014), 37-41.

B. De Ridder and V. Soen, ‘The Act of Cession, the 1598 and 1600 States-Generals in Brussels and the peace negotiations during the Dutch Revolt’, in R. Lesaffer (ed.), The Twelve Years Truce (1609): Peace, Truce, War and Law in the Low Countries at the Turn of the 17th Century (Studies in the History of International Law, 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill/Nijhoff, 2014, 48-68.

B. De Ridder and T. Vermeersch, ‘Grensstudies in de Zwinstreek. De studie en ontsluiting van een historisch grensland’, in: Tijd-Schrift. Heemkunde en lokaal-erfgoedpraktijk in Vlaanderen, 4.1 (2014), 60-74.

B. De Ridder, ‘Frans-Vlaanderen als grensland tussen het koninkrijk Frankrijk en het graafschap Vlaanderen’, Romaneske, 38 (2013), 2-9.

B. De Ridder, ‘De Akte van Afstand als pacificatiestrategie tijdens de Nederlandse Opstand (1597-1600)’, in: Handelingen van de Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal-, Letterkunde en Geschiedenis, 65 (2012), 209-221.

Contact details:

E-mail: bram.deridder@kuleuven.be

Adress: KU Leuven, Onderzoeksgroep Nieuwe Tijd, Blijde Inkomststraat 21 bus 3307, B-3000 Leuven.

Zanna2

Dra. Zanna Van Loon

Zanna Van Loon is a PhD student in History at the University of Leuven. Her master’s thesis dealt with the international trade of Christopher Plantin with Scottish and English clients (1555-1589), concerning the distribution networks, but also the book consumption, in an age of confessionalisation. At the moment she is working on a project which deals with the European circulation of knowledge regarding the indigenous languages of the New World (16h-18th century). The research is entitled ‘Evolving views on the world’s languages in a globalizing world (1540-1840): information growth, conceptual shifts, scholarly networks in the circulation of linguistic knowledge’, and she does so under the supervision of Werner Thomas, Toon Van Hal and Lieve Behiels.